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自然保护区森林生态系统服务功能评估方法与指标研究 综述
石燕香,叶钦良,张蒙
广东省龙洞林场,广东紫金白溪省级自然保护区管理处,广州林芳生态科技有公司
摘要:
生态系统服务作为人类可持续发展的基础内容,影响着人类的长远发展。自然保护区森林生 态系统具有复杂性及经济性的特征,因此需要运用多种指标与方法对其实施的生态系统服务功能进行评 估。文章通过对国内外相关文献进行梳理与研究,在综述了自然保护区森林生态系统的功能分类、评估 方法以及指标体系等各方面研究进展的基础上,对我国自然保护区森林生态系统服务功能价值评价的主 要指标的计量方法、原理以及优缺点进行分析。最后,对森林生态系统服务功能评估体系的构建进行探 讨,并且对森林生态系统服务功能价值评估模型化与精准化以及自然保护区生态补偿机制方面进行展望, 以期丰富生态系统服务价值评估理论。
关键词:  自然保护区  森林生态系统  服务功能  评估方法  评价指标
DOI:
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基金项目:
Review of Forest Ecosystem Service Function Evaluation in Nature Reserve
SHI Yanchun,YE Qinliang and ZHANG Meng
Longdong Forest Farm,Guangdong Guangzhou,Guangdong Zijin Baixi Provincial Nature Reserve,Guangdong Zijin,Guangzhou Linfang Ecological Science Technology Limited Company
Abstract:
As the basic content of human sustainable development, ecosystem service affects the long-term development of human beings. The forest ecosystem of nature reserve has the characteristics of complexity and economy, so it is necessary to use a variety of indicators and methods to evaluate the ecosystem service function. By combing and studying the relevant literature at home and abroad, this paper synthesizes the functional classi- fication, evaluation methods and index system of forest ecosystem in nature reserves.The measurement methods, principles, advantages and disadvantages of these indicators are investigated. Furthermore, the paper discusses the construction of forest ecosystem service evaluation system, and forecasts the model and precision of forest ecosystem service function evaluation and the ecological compensation mechanism of natural reserve,in order to promote the transformation of application results.
Key words:  nature reserve  forest ecosystem  service function  assessment method  evaluation index