引用本文:
【打印本页】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器  关闭
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 150次   下载 112 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
不同施肥量对辣木幼苗生长、光合和养分特征的影响
陈祖静,高晓翠,周玮,陈晓阳,何茜
华南农业大学林学与风景园林学院/广东省森林植物种质创新与利用重点实验室/广东省普通高校木本饲料工程技术研究中心,华南农业大学林学与风景园林学院/广东省森林植物种质创新与利用重点实验室/广东省普通高校木本饲料工程技术研究中心,华南农业大学林学与风景园林学院/广东省森林植物种质创新与利用重点实验室/广东省普通高校木本饲料工程技术研究中心,华南农业大学林学与风景园林学院/广东省森林植物种质创新与利用重点实验室/广东省普通高校木本饲料工程技术研究中心,华南农业大学林学与风景园林学院/广东省森林植物种质创新与利用重点实验室/广东省普通高校木本饲料工程技术研究中心
摘要:
以辣木(Moringa oleifera)品种云南极品27号为材料,采用盆栽试验研究不同施肥量处理对辣木幼苗生长指标、光合参数和养分吸收利用的影响。结果表明:随施肥量增多,辣木幼苗的株高、地径、生物量、根长、根直径、根体积、根表面积等生长指标基本表现为先升高后降低的趋势,施肥量为N9P4.5K4.5 g·株-1时达到最高,单株生物量和壮苗指数分别为对照的3.99和1.53倍;适量施肥能显著提高辣木幼苗的光合能力,有利于生物量的积累。随着施肥量的增加,辣木幼苗叶片的叶绿素含量、净光合速率、水分利用效率先升高后降低,而蒸腾速率、气孔导度则随施肥量的增加而加大;辣木幼苗根、茎、叶组织中N、P、K含量随施肥量的增加先增多后减少,表观吸收率和施肥效率随施肥量增加显著降低,施肥量增加对根系的影响最大;施肥量为N12P6K6 g·株-1时辣木幼苗各生长、光合、养分含量指标均有所降低,根冠比最低,壮苗指数显著低于对照水平,明显抑制辣木幼苗的生长。总之,辣木幼苗最适施肥量为N9P4.5K4.5 g·株-1,施肥量为N12P6K6 g·株-1时抑制辣木幼苗的生长。
关键词:  辣木  施肥量  光合作用  养分特征
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:广东省地方标准制(修)订林业项目(4400-F16256),广州市科技计划项目(2015KJCX009),广东省林业科技创新项目 (2018KJCX001)
Effect of fertilization on photosynthetic and nutrient characteristics of Moringa oleifera seedlings
Chen Zujing,Gao Xiaocui,Zhou Wei,Chen Xiaoyang and He Qian
South China Agricultural University,South China Agricultural University,South China Agricultural University,South China Agricultural University,South China Agricultural University
Abstract:
In order to provide theoretical basis for precise fertilization of Moringa oleiferaseedling, differentamounts of fertilization were treated onM. oleiferaNo.27 Yunnan Jipin of seedlings, and the growth index,photosynthetic parameters and nutrient characteristics were studied. The results showed that the growth indexessuch as plant height, ground diameter, biomass, root length, root diameter, root volume and root surface area of M. oleiferaseedlings increased and then decreased with the increasing of fertilization. These indexes reached thehighest level in the treatment (N9P4.5K4.5 g), as it’s biomass and seedling index were 3.99 time and 1. 53 timehigher than the control respectively. Moderate fertilization significantly increased photosynthetic capacity andbiomass accumulation ofM. oleiferaseedlings. With the increasing of fertilization, the leaves chlorophyll content, net photosynthetic rate and water using ef?ciency of M. oleiferaseedlings were increased, which following bydecreased. Meanwhile, the leaves transpiration rate and stomatal conductance were increased with the increasingof fertilization. The contents of N, P and K in roots, stems and leaves ofM. oleiferaseedlings were increasedat first and then decreased with the increasing of fertilization. The apparent absorption rate and fertilizationefficiency decreased significantly with the increase of fertilization, and the greatest effect of fertilization wason the roots.The growth, photosynthesis and nutrient content ofM. oleiferaseedlings were all decreased in the treatment ( N12P6K6 g), for the root-shoot ratio was the lowest and the strong seedling index was signi?cantly lower than the control level. Apparently, the treatment ( N12P6K6 g) inhibited the growth of M. oleiferaseedlings.In conclusion, the optimum fertilization rate ofM. oleiferaseedlings was N9P4.5K4.5 g for each plant. Moreover,the growth of M. oleiferaseedlings was inhibited with the fertilization of N12P6K6 g for each plant.
Key words:  Moringa oleifera Lam.  fertilization  photosynthetic  nutrient characteristics